Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Treatment

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is often characterized by obsessive thoughts, a disorder known as OCD. The obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior may cause you a lot of worry, anxiety, and discomfort. They are sometimes confused with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). They appear in the form of repetitive behaviors that occur involuntarily. Some examples of the habits include things like checking for the numbers of the train or the bus while driving to work, counting the number of times the phone rings on the walkie talkie while at work or check for the contact number of your family member every now and then while you are watching television. However, these repetitive actions do not necessarily make you an OCD sufferer. If you suffer from OCD, you would probably be able to find a way to reduce or even eliminate the obsessive compulsive behavior.

Your obsessive compulsive disorder treatment should focus on your OCD habits. There are treatment options available for both short-term and long-term treatment. But it is important to understand that you should choose a treatment that is effective in your case and not simply because it is the “latest” and most popular. Even if the best treatments are available today, they still are not all of them. You must decide for yourself what is the best method for you. If you have no means to control your obsessive compulsive behavior, you need to consider other options for treatment. However, if you have access to treatment, you will be able to reduce or even eliminate your obsessive compulsive behavior.

There are many resources available to you to learn more about obsessive compulsive disorder treatment. One of the most widely used methods is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. This is a type of treatment that teaches people how to change their behavior by eliminating their compulsions and replace them with a set of rules that they can follow to avoid repeating negative or obsessive behaviors. Other treatments include the use of medication and self-help therapies. Of course, each person responds differently to treatments. It is important that you try several treatments before choosing one that is the best one for you.

  • Diagnosis

    Steps to help diagnose OCD may include:

    • Physical exam. This may be done to help rule out other problems that could be causing your symptoms and to check for any related complications.
    • Lab tests. These may include, for example, a complete blood count (CBC), a check of your thyroid function, and screening for alcohol and drugs.
    • Psychological evaluation. This includes discussing your thoughts, feelings, symptoms and behavior patterns. With your permission, this may include talking to your family or friends.
    • Diagnostic criteria for OCD. Your doctor may use criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association.

    Diagnostic challenges

    It’s sometimes difficult to diagnose OCD because symptoms can be similar to those of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, anxiety disorders, depression, schizophrenia or other mental health disorders. And it’s possible to have both OCD and another mental disorder. Work with your doctor so that you can get the appropriate diagnosis and treatment.

Treatment

Obsessive-compulsive disorder treatment may not result in a cure, but it can help bring symptoms under control so that they don’t rule your daily life. Some people need treatment for the rest of their lives.

The two main treatments for OCD are psychotherapy and medications. Often, treatment is most effective with a combination of these.

Psychotherapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a type of psychotherapy, is effective for many people with OCD. Exposure and response prevention (ERP), a type of CBT therapy, involves gradually exposing you to a feared object or obsession, such as dirt, and having you learn healthy ways to cope with your anxiety. ERP takes effort and practice, but you may enjoy a better quality of life once you learn to manage your obsessions and compulsions.

Therapy may take place in individual, family or group sessions.

Medications

Certain psychiatric medications can help control the obsessions and compulsions of OCD. Most commonly, antidepressants are tried first.

Antidepressants approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat OCD include:

  • Clomipramine (Anafranil) for adults and children 10 years and older
  • Fluoxetine (Prozac) for adults and children 7 years and older
  • Fluvoxamine for adults and children 8 years and older
  • Paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva) for adults only
  • Sertraline (Zoloft) for adults and children 6 years and older

However, your doctor may prescribe other antidepressants and psychiatric medications.

Medications: What to consider

Here are some issues to discuss with your doctor about medications for OCD:

  • Choosing a medication. In general, the goal is to effectively control symptoms at the lowest possible dosage. It’s not unusual to try several drugs before finding one that works well. Your doctor might recommend more than one medication to effectively manage your symptoms. It can take weeks to months after starting a medication to notice an improvement in symptoms.
  • Side effects. All psychiatric medications have potential side effects. Talk to your doctor about possible side effects and about any health monitoring needed while taking psychiatric drugs. And let your doctor know if you experience troubling side effects.
  • Suicide risk. Most antidepressants are generally safe, but the FDA requires that all antidepressants carry black box warnings, the strictest warnings for prescriptions. In some cases, children, teenagers and young adults under 25 may have an increase in suicidal thoughts or behavior when taking antidepressants, especially in the first few weeks after starting or when the dose is changed. If suicidal thoughts occur, immediately contact your doctor or get emergency help. Keep in mind that antidepressants are more likely to reduce suicide risk in the long run by improving mood.
  • Interactions with other substances. When taking an antidepressant, tell your doctor about any other prescription or over-the-counter medications, herbs or other supplements you take. Some antidepressants can cause dangerous reactions when combined with certain medications or herbal supplements.
  • Stopping antidepressants. Antidepressants aren’t considered addictive, but sometimes physical dependence (which is different from addiction) can occur. So stopping treatment abruptly or missing several doses can cause withdrawal-like symptoms, sometimes called discontinuation syndrome. Don’t stop taking your medication without talking to your doctor, even if you’re feeling better — you may have a relapse of OCD symptoms. Work with your doctor to gradually and safely decrease your dose.

Talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of using specific medications.

Other treatment

Sometimes, medications and psychotherapy aren’t effective enough to control OCD symptoms. Research continues on the potential effectiveness of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for treating OCD that doesn’t respond to traditional treatment approaches.

Because DBS hasn’t been thoroughly tested for use in treating OCD, make sure you understand all the pros and cons and possible health risks.

Sources: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD),mayoclinic.org